During in vitro fertilization, the fertilization process can be facilitated by using intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). ICSI came into wide use in the 1990’s and is now a “first line” treatment.
Using ICSI, a single sperm is inserted directly into each egg. The sperm can be obtained from an ejaculate or aspirated directly from the reproductive organs. This means that men who have few, or no, sperm in their ejaculate can often still produce genetically related children. ICSI is a major advance in the treatment of male infertility.
Our skilled embryologists insert the sperm into the egg causing no damage to the egg. Fertilization and implantation rates are typically high. Indications for ICSI include:
- Moderate to severe male infertility cases (low sperm count, motility or morphology)
- Cases in which sperm can only be obtained by surgical procedures
- Cases in which there had been poor fertilization in a previous IVF cycle
- Cases of unexplained infertility
- Cases where the ICSI will increase the pregnancy rate