What Causes a Miscarriage?
Miscarriages are described as the loss of a pregnancy prior to the 20th week. In many instances, the woman might not even realize she is pregnant because she might miscarry before she has even missed her menstrual period. Generally, however, around 15 to 25 percent of known pregnancies end in a miscarriage. Over 80 percent of those occur within the first trimester. A miscarriage can occur after the 20th week of pregnancy, but those are rare.
The majority of miscarriages occur because of chromosomal abnormalities that are not inherited by either parent but that abruptly develop in the unborn baby. Most often, the miscarriage occurs because the baby would not be able to survive. Miscarriages can occur for other reasons as well. They are as follows:
• Hormonal problems
• Uterine abnormalities
• Immune system responses
• Diabetes or thyroid conditions in the mother
• Physical problems in the mother
• Being over 35
• Problems with the cervix
• Recurrent miscarriages (three or more)
Are Multiple Miscarriages a Sign of Infertility?
Sadly, approximately four percent of couples end up experiencing recurrent miscarriages. At this point, miscarriage and fertility become a worrisome issue. However, there is hope because there are options for these couples that can help them to conceive and go on to enjoy a healthy pregnancy.
Anyone who has experienced multiple miscarriages will want to get support and answers to their numerous questions. Medicine has advanced considerably over the years and there is the option of infertility and genetic testing that can help couples to regain control over their fertility.
Testing Available for Couples Who Experience Miscarriage
There are certain tests available for couples who have experienced miscarriage. These are as follows:
• Genetic Karyotype: Couples who have experienced several miscarriages, generally three or more, who are considering trying to conceive naturally or through in-vitro fertilization (IVF), should consider this type of test. Genetic karyotype testing checks for chromosomal abnormalities that can present the risk of miscarriage and a baby being born with a genetic issue.
• PGS (Preimplantation Genetic Screening): This type of test is recommended for people who have a high risk due to a family history of genetic problems like cystic fibrosis or fertility issues and have a history of recurrent miscarriages. It can check for healthy embryos for couples who plan on using IVF so that the embryos can implant and develop in a normal and healthy manner.
• Fetal Tissue Testing: This type of testing is done on the fetal tissue after a miscarriage. It is done to determine why the pregnancy didn’t develop and progress normally and can bring couples some answers. It is recommended for couples who have no known risks for miscarriage. Unfortunately, it doesn’t always result in a conclusive answer.
Solutions for Infertility
When it is discovered that you have a correlation with miscarriage and infertility, you can seek help from your doctor to conceive and have a normal, healthy pregnancy. Couples have the following options:
• Artificial Insemination: The sperm is inserted into the woman through a tube, which helps with conception when there are issues like low sperm count or problems with cervical mucus. It is frequently used with a medication known as Clomid.
• Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART): ART is done by removing the woman’s eggs and directly fertilizing them with her partner’s sperm. After fertilization, one or more embryos are inserted into the woman.
• In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF): IVF is a type of ART, but multiple embryos are placed inside the woman.
Remember, if you have experienced miscarriage and infertility, it’s important to not lose hope. There are options that can help you to have the family of which you’ve always dreamed.
Start The Day With Self-Care
Waking up on Mother’s Day is difficult when you long for a family of your own. Begin your morning by doing what makes you feel best. Perform a few yoga stretches, treat yourself to breakfast in bed or go for a walk. Investing a few minutes of your morning on taking care of yourself will give you a better perspective before you start celebrating the mothers in your world.
Reach Out For Support
One of the hardest things about dealing with infertility is that your struggles are often invisible to the rest of the world. Consider talking to your mother today about what you are really going through, or you could reach out to someone else who is also struggling with infertility. Finding a listening ear allows you to vent your painful emotions while benefiting from knowing that someone out there understands.
Choose How You Spend The Day
There is no rule that says that you have to be a smiling participant at every Mother’s Day event. If you know that the day will be difficult, consider taking your mom out for lunch the day before or after. Alternatively, you can recruit your partner or support person to attend your family’s Mother’s Day event so that they can soothe your emotions if you become overwhelmed. It is also okay to cut your attendance at these events short or just stay home if you are dealing with raw emotions.
Find Ways To Laugh
Laughter truly is the best medicine, and you can find ways to distract yourself with a little humor. Head to your local comedy club for brunch, or find a hilarious comedy on a movie channel that you know will make you laugh. Alternatively, you could invite a group of your single girlfriends over for a silly makeover session. Whatever you choose, make sure that it is lighthearted and fun so that they day flies by with humor.
Indulge In Some Pampering
Who says that mothers should get all the love on this day? Everyone woman deserves to be celebrated for their caring nature, and spending a little extra time on yourself reminds you that you are also important. Run a luxurious bubble bath, schedule a massage or go for that new hairstyle. You’ll feel better both inside and out.
This year, don’t let Mother’s Day leave you feeling burdened by the pain of infertility. Surround yourself with family and friends who understand what you are going through, and remember that reaching out to others is better than wallowing in self-pity. By being willing to practice a little self-care, you can make it through this day while emerging stronger and with a better support system in place.
Questions to Ask Your Fertility Doctor
When you’re ready to take the leap, consider these important questions to ask your fertility doctor during a consultation.
- What are some of the reasons we have been unable to conceive?
- What treatments should we try first?
- What is the success rate of these treatments?
- How many times do people have to try this treatment before it works?
- What medical tests do I need to get before I get this treatment?
- What are the short-term side effects of this treatment? Are there any long-term complications?
- Will we provided with a psychologist if we choose a sperm or egg donor?
- Do we have access to egg donors, sperm donors, or surrogates through this fertility clinic?
If you are in an LGBT relationship, then there are additional questions to ask your fertility doctor.
- Can you recommend an attorney to me who has experience in family law in the LGBT community?
- Will you work with the donor agency and reproductive attorney that I already have?
- How many gay patients do you have?
- What options do I have that will allow both partners to be physically-involved in the process? Is there a way to make sure that both parents are biologically-related to the child?
You should not hesitate to ask your doctor any of these questions about infertility and the potential treatments. The more you know about infertility, the easier it will be for you to get it treated.